Thehigh speed information Communist Party of China is the core of strong leadership of socialism with Chinese characteristics and is the highest political leadership of the country.The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the choice of Chinese history and the Chinese people. Practice has proven and further proves that this conclusion is completely correct.At the historical moment of the 100th anniversary of the party, further deepening the understanding of this issue will be more firmly firm in the confidence and determination of the people of the whole country to follow the party. Under the party's leadership, strive to start a new journey of building a stateist modern country, composeRealize the new chapter of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the National People's Congress: "After the Opium War in 1840, China gradually became a semi -colonial and semi -feudal society. At that time, in order to save the danger of the nation and achieve national revitalization, the Chinese people and countless counties and countlessBenevolence is tirelessly looking for the political system model that is suitable for national conditions. Before the Revolution of 1911, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement, Westernization Movement, the Reform Movement, Boxer Movement, and the New Deal of the Qing Dynasty failed., Multi -party system, presidential system and other forms, various political forces and their representatives have debuted, and they have not been able to find the correct answer. China is still crushing and poor in mountains and rivers.The Chinese people still live in suffering and humiliation. "
The constitutional monarchy failed.In 1908, the Qing government learned from the Japanese Constitution and formulated the "Outline of the Constitution".On November 3, 1911, the Qing government announced the "Nineteen Constitution of the Constitution". In this constitutional document, the power of the emperor only allowed a small part of the ferry, and still emphasized that "the emperor's sacred inviolability."
The restoration of the emperor's system did it twice, once Yuan Shikai's restoration, and once the restoration of Zhang Xun, all failed soon.This shows that the feudal rule has long been unpopular, and it has also announced that the complete life of the constitutional monarchy is ended up, and the thoughts of democratic republics are deeply rooted in people's hearts.
The parliamentary system failed.In 1912, Song Jiaoren participated in the first Parliament election of the Republic of China as the president of the Kuomintang.Later, due to Yuan Shikai's restoration and warlord rule, the parliamentary system was abandoned.
The multi -party system failed.At that time, there were many parties in China.According to incomplete statistics, from the Wuchang Uprising to the end of 1913, there are as many as 682 newly established party, clubs, social groups and other groups, including 312 political groups, but noneEssence
The presidential system failed.From 1912 to 1948, there were many presidents in the history of the Republic of China: Sun Yat -sen has served as a temporary president and a very big president. The democratic revolution launched by his leadership has overthrew the Qing Dynasty, but did not find a real way for China.Since then, Yuan Shikai, Li Yuanhong, Feng Guozhang, Xu Shichang, Cao Yan, Chiang Kai -shek, Li Zongren, etc. have been presidents or presidents. They not only did not bring hope to China, but some further pushed China into the abyss of disaster.
As General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, the self -improvement movement of the old social foundation, the improvementism of various names, the democratic revolution led by the old peasant war, the bourgeois revolutionaries, and the various programs of the Western political system model.It is not possible to complete the historical tasks of the Chinese nation's rescue and anti -imperialist and anti -feudal feudal historical tasks. None of the Chinese political situation and society cannot be stabilized, nor can it provide institutional guarantees for the realization of the country's prosperity and the happiness of the people.
After these attempts failed, history and the people chose the Communist Party of China.Choosing the Communist Party of China is not an accident after the special incident, but the necessity of history.
In 1927, the Kuomintang Chiang Kai -shek Group rebelled the revolution and stole the fruit of the victory of the Northern Expedition in cooperation with the KMT and the Communist Party.From 1927 to 1937, the "National Government" in charge of the Kuomintang Chiang Kai -shek Group completed the formal national unity, and had time to build some construction.If there is no Japanese war in China in 1937, China may smoothly embark on the capitalist road and modernize.This view is obviously wrong, we can analyze from the following five points.
First, history cannot be assumed.It is hoped that Japan will not invade China or launch a full -scale war of aggression in China.
Second, at that time, China was still in a semi -colonial semi -feudal society.Not only did Japan occupy the three Eastern provinces, but also the Western powers also have colonial interests in China.National independence is the prerequisite for Chinese modernization.Without national independence, these ten years are covered by a strong haze; in 1932, the Northeast fell, and North China was anxious, making the five years in the next ten years of disappointment.
Third, in the past ten years, the Kuomintang reactionary regime not only aimed at the muzzle to the Communist Party, but also appeared in internal new warlords.The Kuomintang factions and local strengths are fighting against each other, which even led to a large -scale civil war.In this situation of internal and external problems, China cannot achieve modernization.
Fourth, the weakness of the national bourgeoisie makes it impossible to complete the task of the old democratic revolution.As Mao Zedong pointed out: "Because they are the bourgeoisie of the colonial semi -colony, they are extremely weak in economy and politics, and they have preserved another nature, that is, the compromise of revolutionary enemies. China's national bourgeoisieEven during the revolution, they were unwilling to be completely split with imperialism, and they were closely linked with the leasing exploitation in the countryside. Therefore, they were unwilling to completely overthrow the imperialism, and they could not completely overthrow the feudal forces.. In this way, the two basic issues of the Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution, the two basic tasks, and the Chinese national bourgeoisie cannot be resolved. "
Fifth, at that time, the Chinese people of China did hope to apply the Western political system to China to change China's tragic destiny.However, from the perspective of the external environment, the powers are unwilling to give up their interests in China and are not allowed to be independent of China. From the perspective of internal conditions, the bourgeoisie is very weak and it is difficult to assume the historical task.After the 1911 Revolution, the ugly state of the Parliament's political model made the Chinese doubt the so -called democratic model in the West.After the First World War, especially after the outbreak of the capitalist economic crisis in the 1930s, the Chinese people's views on Western capitalism and the road of China have changed a lot.In July 1933, the "Declaration" organized discussions on China's modernization issues. Among the 16 special discussions, 15 articles advocated the road of socialist or non -capitalist roads, and only one advocated the capitalist road.This shows that at that time, the road choice of socialism or non -capitalism at that time was the general trend.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "In the severe exercise of Chinese society in modern times, in the fierce struggle of the Chinese people's resistance to feudal rule and foreign aggression, in the process of the Marxist Leninism and the Chinese Workers' Movement, the Communist Party of China came into being in 1921.. Since then, the Chinese people have pursued the national independence, the liberation of the people and the prosperity of the country, and the happiness of the people.The pioneer team of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation.The Communist Party of China takes the responsibility of achieving the master of the Chinese people as the master and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and "arouses millions of workers and peasants" and leads the Chinese people to overthrow the three mountains of imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism.
During the first cooperation of the KMT and Communist Party, the Northern Expedition was carried out under the slogan of opposition to imperialism and warlords proposed by the Communist Party.In the Northern Expedition, Communist Party members and Communist Youth League members played an important role. At the same time, the Communist Party organized by the Communist Party, the Mass and Peasant Mass movement of the Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, and peasants, so the Northern Expedition was broken.However, the Kuomintang Chiang Kai -shek and Wang Jingwei Group successively betrayed the revolution and slaughtered the Communists.The revolutionary education and exercise of various revolutionary classes laid the foundation of the masses for the Later Revolutionary War led by the party.
During the Land Revolution, Mao Zedong once said: "The material life of the Red Army is so thin, the battle is so frequently, and can still be maintained. In addition to the party's role, it is to rely on the democraticism in the army." "Especially the new captive soldiersThey feel that the Kuomintang army and our army are two worlds. Although they feel that the material life of the Red Army is not as good as the White Army, the spirit is liberated. The same soldier is not brave in the enemy forces yesterday. Today, the Red Army is brave.The influence. "(" Selected Works of Mao Zedong "Volume 1, People's Publishing House, 1991, p. 65) This vividly illustrates that the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the direction of the military and the people's hearts.
During the Anti -Japanese War, the Communist Party played the role of the mainstay.The Communist Party has contributed to the formation of the National Anti -Japanese United Front.After the Red Army was adapted into the National Revolutionary Army, it quickly went to the front line of the Anti -Japanese War, and achieved a major victory of Ping Guan Dajie.After the enemy battlefield was opened, the Communist Party led the people of the Anti -Japanese Base Land and contained most Japanese troops.The people's anti -Japanese forces grew in battle. By the end of 1940, the armed forces led by the Communist Party developed 500,000 (the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces have not been included), and there were a large number of local armed forces and militia.The anti -Japanese democratic base is continued to play a significant role in the National Anti -Japanese War.During the strategic counterattack stage, the people's army under the leadership of the Communist Party played the key role of the main force, won the extensive support of the people, and received universal trust from all walks of life.
After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, the Chinese people eagerly hoped for peace and democracy to build a new China.The Communist Party has made the greatest efforts in fighting peace and democracy.However, the Kuomintang reactionary group has increasingly focusing on the elimination of the Chinese Communist Party and other democratic forces. The purpose is to establish a semi -colonial and semi -feudal country with a dictatorship of a landlord and a large bourgeoisie.In June 1946, the Kuomintang soldiers besieged the Central Plains Liberation Zone and provoked a comprehensive civil war.The Chinese people completely recognized the true colors of the Kuomintang reactionary group and supported the Communist Party more.The Communist Party led the Chinese people to defeat the Kuomintang reactionary group, established the people's head of the New China, and hundreds of millions of Chinese people have become the masters of the country and society since then.
Starting from the "April 1st" counter -revolutionary coup in 1927, the Kuomintang represented by Chiang Kai -shek has continued to lose people's hearts and thoroughly walked to the opposite side of the people.In the historical pursuit of national independence and the liberation of the people, justice and human heart are always on the Communist Party.
Later, the history of New China, the history of reform and opening up also proved to the world that such an incomparable truth, that is, the leadership of history and the people's choice of the Chinese Communist Party is correct. It must be adhered to and never shaken.
(Author: former member of the Standing Committee of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee of the Communist Party of China, Minister of Propaganda Department, Member of the Central Marxist theoretical Research and Construction Engineering Advisory Committee))
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