Question | Li Yujie: Why is the evolution of Chinese civilization inseparable from "identity"?

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  China News Agency,特快资讯 Chongqing, December 4th. Question: Why is the evolution of Chinese civilization inseparable from "identity"?

  ——Lie Yujie, a second -level professor at the History and Social Sciences of Chongqing Normal University

  China News Agency reporter Zhong Yan

  In the history of world civilization, the Chinese civilization has significant unity and continuity of the Chinese civilization for more than 5,000 years.It has a unique historical evolution path.

  What is the relationship between the evolution of the Huaxia nation and the country's consciousness in the mighty historical process?What key role is the "trinity" recognition model of nation, state, and culture?What are the new challenges of Chinese civilization in the world's change?Li Yujie, a second -level professor and doctoral supervisor of the School of History and Social Sciences of Chongqing Normal University, recently accepted an exclusive interview with China News Agency's "East and West Questions".

  The interview is currently recorded as follows:

  China News Agency reporter: From the perspective of historical changes, how to understand the evolution of the Huaxia nation and the country?

  Li Yujie:First of all, we must make it clear that the concept of "country" and "nation" is quite different.

  The country is a tool for class rule. It has functions such as social integration. Its standardized and institutionalized characteristics are very clear.The ethnic group is a stable people's community formed in a certain stage of historical development.Generally speaking, the nation has common characteristics in historical origin, production method, language, culture, customs and psychological recognition.In the process of forming and development, some nations play an important role.

  In China, the culture and psychological characteristics of the nation are very prominent. In terms of connotation, the institutionalized characteristics of the nationalization of the nationalized nationalization have more inherently internal and "soft" ideological consciousness characteristics, that is, the consciousness of national members in the national consciousness is manifested by national consciousnessThe deepness, inheritance and strong nature of this culture and psychological identity.

  In the early days of human society, national identity mainly based on biological relationships based on biological factors such as blood and clan.With the development of society, the nation has gradually formed a stable social group in the evolution, and a new cross and integration occur with the geographical composition, forming a social relationship.In the development of human history, national identity is interconnected with state identity, and there are often differences.

  However, in the history of Chinese civilization, national identity is often unprecedented with national identity.For example, internal and foreign affected during the Spring and Autumn Period, the coordinates of the intersection of the theme of the era are "respecting the king Yiyi", which clearly reflects the major theme of the political and nation in the times, and it is also the banner of the transformation of the Huaxia nation's identity and the national identity to the new period.In a political sense, the "respect for the king" highlights the sovereignty concept of Huaxia political state, and uses Zhou Tianzi's flag as a symbol of the highest power of the Chinese political community, so that he will follow the institutional order of the Chinese political country through the "respect for the king".From the perspective of national significance, "Yiyi" highlights the conscious consciousness and self -identity consciousness of the Chinese nation.In the historical development of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, these consciousness gradually constitute the civilized characteristics of the Huaxia nation and the country.

  After the Qin unified China, with the establishment of the centralized political system, national identity and national identity were more consistent.At the same time, the multi -in -one pattern of the Huaxia nation in Qin before Qin is still inherited, and in the national integration and assimilation, on the one hand, the Huaxia national team is continuously expanded, making it a nation with a large population today; on the other handWith the advanced culture of the Huaxia nation, it has continuously adsorbed many new nations and formed a new and diverse ethnic pattern.The development of the Huaxia nation has developed in this diverse transformation, and has become a special national phenomenon in the world.

Qin Terracotta Warriors.Photo by Zhang Wei

  Reporter of China News Agency: After thousands of years of the Chinese dynasty, there are both unification and division. Why is the "civilization" always maintained the evolution of sustainable development?

  Li Yujie:In ancient China, divisions and conflicts, conflicts, and fusion often accompanied.However, the result of each conflict is always new, larger, larger, and large -scale new adjustments, and leads to a stronger and prosperous emergence of unified unified unified national and national communities, making Chinese civilization more prosperous and gorgeous.

  Behind the inevitable transformation from conflict to integration, one of the most important reasons is the deep cultural value concept accumulated in our nation and state consciousness, that is, the consistency of the "trinity" based on cultural identity and national identity.There is no self -closed, but a form and characteristics of openness, compatibility, internal gathering, and righteousness.

  First, from the perspective of cultural openness, the cultural concepts of the Huaxia nation often have huge interdependence and inclusiveness that transcenderate race and cultural differences.For example, in the era of the Qin and Han dynasties, the gathering of Kanto and Guanzhong culture, the blending of the Chu of the Yangtze River, the Yellow River Basin, and the Han culture, and from the Wei and Jin dynasties, the great integration of national culture, etc., made the ancient Chinese culture open and prosperous.EssenceAs long as you recognize the moral and valuable concepts of Huaxia culture, you can be accepted by Huaxia civilization. Various civilization results can be blended and collected.

Mingming wedding performance.Photo by Liu Xin

  Secondly, from the perspective of the compatibility of race and ethnic groups, from the Spring and Autumn Period to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, many different ethnic groups and ethnic groups around Huaxia, through the integration of the biological industry, culture, marriage, etc., gradually merged into the Huaxia (Han) national family.In particular, several major national conflicts and fusion of the Wei, Jin, Song and Yuan dynasties, and Ming and Qing dynasties accelerated the process of national integration.The reason why the Han and Sheng Tang were praised for a long time because of the foundation of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, the national integration of the Qin, Han, and the Jin Dynasty, and Hu Han mixed.

  Third, from the perspective of the national security obligations of the nation, in the consciousness of the Chinese (Han) nation, the "China" as sovereignty and the inseparable nature of the Chinese (Han) nation as the main body of the Chinese nation has also become people’s consensus’s consensus.EssenceFor example, since the Qin and Han Dynasty, the North Defense, the South Expedition, and the West have become the most important political, military, and diplomatic programs in the country.The Great Wall of the Qin Dynasty and Emperor Hanwu's large -scale attacks were all manifested by national security obligations.

  There are many people in the history of world history that have long been divided into multiple countries, but in China, people often use the country as a symbol of the nation, the national and national cornerstone, and even the dual unification of the country and the nation as the realization of the value of life and life.Lofty goal.The national crisis is the country's danger. In the national and national danger, the identity between the country and the nation will often reach unprecedented consistent and become a life value orientation for people to go to the fire.This value orientation involves all aspects of the people's collective rationality.Even the unsightly people who are embarrassed, as long as they touch the theme of the country and the nation, they will be worried about singing and seeing death.Therefore, whenever the national crisis comes, people often associate "saving" (national, culture), "saving the country" (political country), and the expectations of this kind of rescue of the nation to the country.The responsibility of saving the country.In the long history of China, countless examples can prove.

Qin and Han Drums in Shaanxi Provincial Intangible Cultural Heritage inheritance Project.Photo by Ni Shubin

  China News Agency reporter: What do you think of the importance of the "Trinity" identity model?

  Li Yujie:In my opinion, while it constitutes the profound value concept of the unity of Chinese civilization, it has formed the unique feelings of the Chinese nation.

  The specific manifestation is that regardless of the representatives of the landlord class or feudal intellectuals (including the spokesperson of the peasant class), the nation and the country are often regarded as their political and military natural mission and the highest goals, and even some of the minority that is influenced by Han cultureThe national monarch also regards unified Yuyu as his life and goals.In modern times, after the Opium War, in the face of the task of danger and near, and modernization of the nation and the country, modern patriotism actively explores the rejuvenation path of the nation and the country. They are creativeThe land proposed the unity of the political revolution and the national revolution, and used this to build a new Chinese nation country at the core.The formation of the pattern lays the foundation.

  Therefore, from a historical point of view, when the increasingly decayed Roman Empire was invaded by the "barbaric nation" in all directions and blocked the civilization development process of its country and nation, China survived and rescued in the crisis of national and class contradictions.EssenceThis shows that China has a very strong self -regulation and challenge mechanism within China.The foundation of this self -regulation is the deep value concept of national identity and national identity established on the uniform cornerstone of Chinese civilization.

On August 22, 2023, the compatriots on both sides of the Straits of Guili Nian Ji Jianzheng's ancestor Yan Emperor's ceremony was held in Yan Emperor Mausoleum in Baoji City, Shaanxi Province.Party field photography

  Reporter of China News Agency: What challenges will the development of Chinese civilization face in the process of globalization?

  Li Yujie:Since the second half of the twentieth century, with the process of modernization and globalization, world civilization and economic order have experienced many new problems in the new century.It shows that in some non -Western countries and nations in the contradictions of modernization and localization, it is confusing, often falling into the trap of civilization imbalance, and therefore produces cultural contradictions and conflicts of civilization.

  China is also facing a new and old transitional stage in the wave of globalization, but the characteristics of the inherent characteristics of Chinese civilization will promote the accelerated development of the country in the process of globalization.These characteristics are: the openness and inclusiveness of Chinese culture make the Chinese easy to overcome the discomfort of traditional and modernity; the compatibility of the Chinese nation makes the Chinese easy to cross the gully of religion and race;People generally have the quality of hard work; the state has a strong backing role in the great change of civilization; Chinese civilization can produce huge vitality in building a new form of human civilization.

  In summary, the aforementioned features make the background color of Chinese civilization clearly displayed in the process of globalization. It complements the development of modernization and localization without showing the social psychology of the group of conflicts.Conflict.

  People have reason to believe that in the historical process of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, China can embark on the development path that suits its own characteristics in accordance with the unique cultural traditions, historical fate, and basic national conditions of Chinese civilization.It shows great vitality.(over)

On November 19, 2023, CBD high -rise buildings in Chaoyang District, Beijing staged a light show.Jia Tianyong Photo

  Introduction to the interviewee:

  Li Yujie, a second -level professor, a doctoral supervisor, a doctoral supervisor, and a doctoral supervisor instructor of the School of History and Culture of Sichuan University.He has successively served as the vice chairman of the Chongqing Social Sciences Federation, vice chairman of the Chinese Society of Social History (National First Society), a director of the Chinese History Society, and a director of the International Confucian Federation.The main research fields are Chinese history, social history, and anthropology.Representative works include "The Evolution of Witch and their characters in the origin of Chinese civilization", "Research on Political Unification and Taoism: Research on Chinese Traditional Culture and Political Ethics," and "Ancient Foreign Politics of Chinese".The History of Thought "" Chongqing Immigration History "and so on.

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